Mysteries of the Mayan calendar
On August 11, 3114 BC, according to the Mayan calendar, the era of the Fifth Sun began. About the end of this era, which according to the Mayan calendar will come in less than six months, there are various rumors. So in today’s journey, we will go to solve the mysterious and frightening mysteries of the Mayan calendar. Why it is considered more accurate than the Gregorian, what is its essence, and what awaits us on December 21, 2012.
One calendar is good, but two are better
In fact, the Maya had two calendars. One, domestic or agricultural, corresponded to the solar year and was called Haab. The year in it, as it should, lasted 365 days. According to this calendar, the year is divided into 19 months. In 18 of them – 20 days, and in the remaining-only 5. These days of the shortest month were called “nameless” and were considered unlucky. Interestingly, the Mayan priests could accurately calculate the length of the solar year, which is approximately 365,242,203 days. This is even closer to the truth than the calculation of the Gregorian calendar.
The Haab calendar was used for agricultural work – it was used to calculate the times of sowing and harvesting. In parallel with it, the Mayan tribe had a ritual calendar-Tsolkin, according to which the priests chose the dates of sacrifices, performed religious rites, and made predictions for the future. With this calendar, everything is much more complicated. First, the year for it lasted 260 days. Second, it was divided into 20 months of 13 days, or more precisely, it is a combination of 13-day and 20-day cycles. Each day has its own name: a World tree, a Serpent, a Thunderstorm, an Earthquake, and so on. There are 20 such names in total. The first 13 of them are also month names. That is, the first day of the year is called imish – the World tree, and the current month (13-day) is also called. For the next 12 days, each day has its own name, but they all pass under the sign of the World tree. On the 14th day comes the next 13-day period called the sign of IR – Wind, and the calculation of days continues until the 20th, and only after that begin from the beginning. The calendar turns out to be mobile. at the end of each 13-day period, the days are not reset, just the symbol of this period changes. Such a complex system. To make it a little clearer, the Indians combined their calendars into a “calendar circle”, in which any date was made up of elements of different calendars.
The question is, why was the second calendar needed at all, if it did not reflect the movement of the Sun, and, consequently, the seasons and weather changes on Earth? One version is that the 260-day year, divided into 20 and 13-day cycles, corresponds to some galactic activity and is generally more harmonious. According to the Mayan calendar today, horoscopes are based not on the signs of the zodiac, but on the symbols of the day on which a person was born.
Era Of The Fifth Sun
In addition to days and years, the Maya had special names for longer periods of time. The longest period, Alautun, is estimated at approximately 63 million years. 1 Baktun is a period of 394 years, the current epoch – the Era of the Fifth Sun-lasts 13 Baktuns, approximately 5125 and a half years. As I mentioned above, the beginning of this cycle is dated to August 13, 3114 BC (or August 11, since there are two ways to rearrange dates). Accordingly, the current era should end either on December 21 or 23 of this year.
What to expect in December?
These dates are associated with gloomy predictions about the future fate of mankind. I want to make you happy right away – the end of the era for the Mayans did not mean the end of the world, just a change of epochs. Although according to some interpretations, the change of epochs should be marked by serious cataclysms and a global renewal of humanity-it is also not pleasant. This is the basis of the apocalyptic theories and predictions of modern esotericists. At the same time, there are very few sources that warn of a catastrophe: a half-erased inscription stating that the God of war will descend to Earth at the end of the era, and a later prophecy.
However, the end of the world is promised every few years, and without these predictions, it probably would have become boring. By the way, if this year “will do”, then you should not relax – old Nostradamus appointed the end of the world for 2018.
But seriously, I am very skeptical about these predictions: some people just want to see mystical symbols in everything. And the Mayan people and their heritage deserve close attention without the end of the world.