Destruction of Atlantis
The fall of an asteroid or comet fragments to explain the death of Atlantis, supporters of its location in the Atlantic ocean are most often attracted to space disasters.
The first who linked the death of Atlantis with the appearance of the comet was G. R. Carly who published his work in 1784.
S. bashinsky in 1914 suggested that the remnants of the asteroid is Australia. His hypothesis has no geological justification.
The Polish astronomer M. M. Kamensky concluded that Atlantis was destroyed by Halley’s comet in 9541 BC.
German atlantologist O. Muck studied the traces of the fall of the Karolinska meteorite (diameter 10 km, mass 200 billion tons, speed 20 km / s) and came to the conclusion that it was the cause of the death of Atlantis. The force of the impact was equivalent to the explosion of 30 thousand hydrogen bombs.
Polish atlantology L. Seidler believes that Atlantis was destroyed in a collision of the Earth with Halley’s comet.
The main “experts” on the collision of the Earth with cosmic bodies are O. Muck and L. Seidler.
Both these authors and their predecessors and followers cite several circumstances in favor of such a catastrophe.
1. In some cultures there are myths about the extraordinary atmospheric phenomena.
2. Several meteorite craters have been found on The earth’s surface. On this basis, it can be assumed that large meteorites have fallen on the Earth in the past.
3. There are interpretations of the Mayan calendar according to which you can set the date of the meteorite fall.
Among the myths, the most famous is the myth of Phaethon, which says that the inhabitants of the Northern regions suddenly felt the heat, and the inhabitants of the tropics cold. But, as Zdenek Kukal notes, “it is at least safe to assume that a comet once crashed into the Earth and deflected the earth’s axis.” But, for example, L. Seidler takes this interpretation absolutely seriously.
The same Zdenek Kukal finds traces of a meteorite fall in the water and solar clocks of the Egyptians and Mayans, noting that at the equator they would show the exact time. Further, he concludes that when The earth’s axis of rotation was tilted differently, Egypt was at the equator. It was then that the Atlanteans taught the Egyptians and Mayans to make watches.
Capture of the moon In 1912, the Austrian engineer Herbiger proposed the “Doctrine of space ice”, according to which, the Earth had at least four satellites, 22,000 years ago, the penultimate moon fell to the Earth, and 11,500 years ago, the Earth captured the moon, which caused the death of Atlantis. The moon allegedly drew the waters of the oceans from the poles to the equator and Atlantis was flooded.
Counterarguments against this theorizdenek Kukal gives the following counterarguments against the fall of any cosmic body 11500 years ago in the Atlantic ocean or the Mediterranean sea.
1. The Azores, Canaries, Cape Verde Islands, Iceland, and the bottom of the Atlantic have intact Pleistocene and upper tertiary deposits.
2. Magnetic anomalies in the area of the Mid-Atlantic ridge have no violations.
3. In the Atlantic, few lavas are younger than 11,500 years old.
4. The relief is logically explained by the expansion of the ocean floor from the middle ridge without attracting meteorites.
5. There is no increase in the concentration of extraterrestrial materials in the layer of 11500 years.
All that has been said about the Atlantic, with a few corrections, applies to the Mediterranean sea.
I would like to note that all hypotheses of this kind ignore the simple fact that the fall Of an asteroid or satellite of a large enough mass to cause a geological catastrophe would lead to such an increase in temperature that almost all life on Earth (and certainly all intelligent life) would be destroyed. Meteorites of a smaller mass could not have sent to the bottom of the sea an island of considerable size, which means that some celestial body is unlikely to have caused the disaster.
Atlantis in the Mediterranean seathe researchers of Atlantis have come to the conclusion that it is useless to search for Atlantis in the Atlantic ocean. In search of a suitable place for a developed civilization that was at war with the proto-Athenians, they came to the Mediterranean sea.
In 1854, the Russian scientist, Minister of education A. S. Norov published a book “Research on Atlantis”. At the beginning of his work, he quotes the words of Pliny the Elder that once Cyprus was one with Syria, and became an island after an earthquake. He refers to the Arab geographer Ibn Yakut that the sea once flooded many inhabited lands and even spilled over Greece and Syria. Next, the donor proceeds to the analysis of Plato’s texts. He believes that the Atlantic sea was called the Mediterranean sea by the Egyptian priests. In proof of this, he speaks of The Atlas mountains in Barbary, mount Yuryura near Algiers, and there is a mythical Atlas supporting the vault of heaven. Giving some more arguments, he concludes that the Mediterranean sea was once called the Atlantic. He also notes that the word “Pelagos” is used in Solon’s story, and not “oceanos”, which means that it is not about the ocean, but about the sea.
Under the pillars of Hercules, the Greeks of Plato’s time understood Gibraltar, but the Athenians and Egyptians could, as many atlantologists prove, understand almost any Strait! For example Gibraltar, the Strait of Messina, Cape maleia in the Peloponnese and the island of Kythira, Kythira and Antikythera island, Canary Islands, the walls of the temple at the Gulf of gabès, the Kerch Strait, the Strait of Bonifacio, even the Nile Delta, etc. the Name of Atlas was too many mountains in Europe, Asia and Africa. Norov himself understands the Bosphorus as the pillars of Hercules.
One fragment of Plato’s texts is very important:”…in one terrible twenty-four hours, your entire military force was swallowed up by the opening earth; likewise, Atlantis disappeared, plunging into the abyss.” It seems to me quite logical to assume that the Athenian army was not very far from Greece, which means that Atlantis must have been located nearby.
Let’s assume that Atlantis was in the Atlantic, and the Greek army came there as well. It seems improbable that the proto-Athenians, abandoned by the allies, single-handedly took all the territory up to tyrrhenia and Egypt, overcame a considerable fleet of Atlanteans and sailed to Atlantis.
And if Atlantis was located in the Mediterranean sea, it could easily fail along with both armies that were fighting somewhere nearby.
“Then the sea in places became even to this day non-navigable and is not available by reason of the shallowing caused by the huge amount of silt that is left behind settled the island”. In the Atlantic ocean, obviously, there could not be shallow waters with silt.
The Islands of the Mediterranean sea perfectly correspond to the rest of Plato’s text, but the entire Mediterranean sea is not as vast as”Libya and Asia combined”. But the Central Atlantic isn’t that big either, so it’s clear that this is a deliberate and very strong exaggeration.
1. The description of nature can be applied to all the Islands of the Mediterranean sea.
2. The color of the rocks (white, black, red) and hot springs clearly indicate the presence of volcanic and post-volcanic processes. This is typical of Islands located South of Sicily, and for some Islands in the Ionian and Aegean seas. The richness of metals is typical for the island of Cyprus, Asia Minor, the Iberian Peninsula and the Northern coast of Africa.
3. The island rose steeply from the sea, but had a flat space at the top. This is typical of Crete, Sardinia, and Corsica.
In 1897, the Russian mineralogist A. N. Karnorzhitsky published an article “Atlantis” in the Scientific review, in which he placed Atlantis “between Asia Minor, Syria, Libya and Hellas… and near the main Western mouth of the Nile (Pillars of Hercules).” After all, the city of SAIs, where the legend of the Atlanteans came from, and the city of Heraclea, founded by Heracles himself, were not far away.
Three years after the publication of Karnorzhitsky’s article, Arthur Evans, a prominent English archaeologist, discovered traces of an ancient civilization on the island of Crete. In March 1900, he began excavating the city of Knossos, the ancient capital of Crete, and discovered the legendary Labyrinth of king Minos.
The Palace consisted of a large number of rooms, its area was 16 thousand square meters. And while Evans was excavating at Knossos and preparing his book on the Palace of Minos for publication, the question arose: had Evans discovered Atlantis?
As A. M. Kondratov writes, the main difference between the civilization of Crete and the great civilizations of the Nile, the Tigris and Euphrates, the Indus and Ganges, the yellow river and the Yangtze is that it was not an agricultural, but a Maritime power.
The construction of ships and navigation on the Aegean sea began in the Aegis 10,000 years ago. During the heyday of Crete, its fleet was the best in the world. Ships from Knossos have visited the coasts of Spain, Syria, the Black sea and the Atlantic ocean. The merchants of Crete maintained close ties with Egypt and the two Rivers.
The island of Crete, located in the middle between Europe, Asia and Africa, occupies an excellent strategic position. Aristotle writes in his “Politics”: “it Seems that the island was created to rule Greece. Its location is one of the happiest: the island dominates the entire sea, along the shores of which the Greeks are located… That is why Minos mastered the power of the sea and conquered the Islands from which he formed his colonies.”
The civilization of Crete is distinguished by another characteristic feature: Tau-Mach-the cult of the sacred bull. Plato also attributed it to the legendary Atlanteans.
According to scientists, 3,500 years ago there was a catastrophic eruption of the Strongile volcano on the single island of Santorini, after which the island split into several parts. The scale of this eruption and its consequences can be compared to the eruption of the Krakatau volcano in Indonesia in 1883, which killed 36 thousand people. Gases, vapors, debris, sand and dust then rose 70 km and dispersed over an area of 827’000 km2, and the sound of explosions was heard in Singapore and in Australia. Half an hour after the explosion, a tsunami hit the shores of nearby Islands. The wave caused by the explosion went around the globe. Its speed reached 566 km / h, and its height was 35 meters.