God of fertility
The God of fertility associated with Navya (the lower world) was Veles (Volos, Vlas). The name Veles goes back to the ancient root “vel” with the meaning “dead”. But since the world of the dead was associated with the idea of magic power, the owner of which subdues people, the same root means power and is found in the words “power”, “command”, “possess”, “great”. Descent into the other world brings the hero omniscience, special wisdom, often associated with poetic features, so Veles is simultaneously the God of wisdom and poetry (the prophetic singer Boyan in” the Word about Igor’s regiment “is called the grandson of “Veles’s grandson”).
Veles-the son of the heavenly Cow and the primeval God of the Family, one of the most ancient Indo-Aryan gods, first as the patron of hunters, then cattle breeding and wealth; he came to the world under different names-Rudra and Shiva (in different time frames!), Thoth, Hermes, mercury, Lug, Velund, and finally Odin-Wili-Ve and Loki. These are the names of the same Archetype from different cultures and different times (all of them, including the gods of wisdom and magical knowledge).
Veles is the will that binds the most contradictory tendencies – to create and to destroy. He is the God of magic, wisdom, and art, the patron of crafts, and the Lord of the dead. Veles – God is in Charge and Leading (Great Vodki) for everyone who follows the paths of sorcery. “Cattle God” Veles also monitors compliance with the agreement (and any contract one way or another involves trust). It is he who blesses the traveller and helps him on the road.
It is Velez who reveals the secrets of craft and medicine. Wisdom and magic crafts, indeed, always go hand in hand. Veles ‘ favorite is a perfect person. He can be a talented scientist, a brilliant poet and singer, an unsurpassed master of cooking, the best of gardeners or foresters, a successful farmer, and finally a businessman.
The Slavs revered Veles as the God of wealth. In ancient times, often paid with domestic animals, the word “cattle” had the meaning of “money”, “property” and was also an indicator of wealth; the word “bestiality” meant greed; “Stockman” – a financial official standing between the Posadnik and the headman; “cowgirl” – the Treasury. In Ancient Russia, Veles was also the patron of merchants, who often swore by his name in their contracts.
The master of the other world-the ancestor deity-in ancient mythology has the appearance of an animal, and the image of Veles goes back to the image of the Bear as a powerful deity. Veles is associated with the constellation Pleiades (of Volosin). Hair – the ancient chthonic (the beast) is a deity who kept the name deriving from “hair”, “wool”, “woolly”; God retains the traits of the beast, is hairy (in South Slavic languages the name of wool – “vyla” – goes back to the same root; another form of the name of God Hair). In this sense, the hair Is not just a “cattle God”, but a cattle God, a God in the form of a wild animal.
The combination of these concepts of God gives the key to understanding the word “Magus” – a pagan priest, dressed in an animal skin with fur outside, he communicates with the other world, is endowed with great wisdom and poetic gift, he is a powerful magician, perhaps a prophet (as you know, people often turned to the dead with questions about the future).
The cult of Veles – the great underground God, the patron of wealth, the Lord of wisdom, witchcraft, poetry, arts, music, the Lord of the dead – was very widespread in Russia. This, in particular, is evidenced by the abundance of villages and villages with the names Velesovo, Volosovo, Volotovo. In folk folklore, Veles is often used in the meaning of “shepherd”, Veles – “water God”. He is the guardian of Navi, who carries the souls of the dead to NAV (non-existence); the owner of the Transition and Vodchiy from world to world.
In Slavic pagan mythology, Veles also appears in the guise of a Serpent, the divine opponent of Perun. Veles-the Serpent, as a hypostasis of a larger archetype – the cosmogonic Chernobog (“Trait”), embodies the forces of primitive Chaos, violent, disordered, uninhabited nature, often hostile to man. Veles-Chernobog (“Devil”), possessing such a powerful destructive force, but being also the God of wisdom, is able to keep his own forces of Chaos in obedience and direct them in the right direction.
The opponent of Veles, as the “Black God”, is the” White God ” – Svetovit (Sventovit). The Veles-Perun juxtaposition is derived not only from Slavic mythology, but also from Indo-European Parallels. For example, Vala and Veles are etymologically identical, and the parallel Perun-Indra is observed just as clearly.
The pagans-the Slavs honored the divine both opponents and Perun and Veles. Only the shrines of Perun were arranged in high places, and the shrines of Veles – in the lowlands. After the adoption of Christianity, Veles had a double-Saint vlasius of Sebaste.
Classic Slavic Triglav: Svarog-Perun-Veles. This can also be conventionally represented as a triad: Rule (“Existing”, “Original”) – Reality (“Light”) – NAV (“Darkness”)