Seven rings of Pushkin: could the talisman save the poet in a duel?
“Keep me, my mascot” – these lines are familiar to everyone from school, but few people know what role mascots played in the life of Alexander Pushkin. In total, the Russian svetocha had seven rings, and each had a mystical power. According to one version, the fatal shot in a duel with Dantes was fatal due to the fact that Pushkin specially put on a ring with a carnelian, which could protect from betrayal, but was powerless before a violent death…
Art historians know a lot about Pushkin’s rings. There were seven rings in the poet’s collection. In itself, this figure is magical, granting immortality. Pushkin’shusband into was carnelian, and it is believed that it was his example that “infected” the silver age Bohemians with a love of jewelry with this semiprecious stone.
The first ring with a carnelian appeared in the poet when he became a member of the secret society “Green lamp”. The stone of Pushkin is engraved with a Pythian tripod, this sign indicated the talent of foresight. Pushkin gave the second ring as a prize for a charity auction. Its owner was Maria Raevskaya, the future wife of count Sergei Volkonsky. With this ring, she, 5 years later, will follow her Decembrist husband into exile in Siberia. The ring was passed down from generation to generation in the Volkonsky family, until in 1915 it was transferred to the Pushkin house Foundation.
The fate of the third ring with a carnelian is the most interesting. It was given to the poet by Countess Vorontsova, with whom he had a secret affair. The rings of Vorontsova and Pushkin were paired, and secret lovers used them as seals, sending letters to each other. This ring Pushkin very much valued, and it was put on when going to a duel with Dantes. The second owner of the ring was Zhukovsky (according to the will of the dying poet himself), later – Turgenev, and after – Pauline Viardot, who gave the relic to the Museum of the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum. Pushkin’s posthumous ring is not possible to see today, according to the official version, it was stolen during one of the exhibitions.
In Pushkin’s collection there was also a famous ring with an emerald. There is an opinion that among the owners of this ring were Tsar Ivan III, Boris Godunov’s daughter, or even Tsar Solomon. This ring allegedly gave its owner an exceptional literary talent. When Pushkin died, he gave it to Dahl, and the expert in Russian literature later compiled a dictionary, and his name went down in history. Now the ring is stored in the Museum of St. Petersburg, but some art historians do not believe in its authenticity and are also sure that the ring was stolen, and in the collection – a copy of it.
The fifth ring of Pushkin was a ring with turquoise, fried by a friend Pavel Nashchokin. It was this ring that was supposed to protect its owner from violent death, but ironically Pushkin gave it to his friend Danzas before the duel. Later, Danzas lost the ring in a snowdrift and could not find it.
The sixth ring appeared on Pushkin’s wedding day, but during the ceremony the ring was dropped on the floor, which was considered a bad sign. The great poet was buried with this ring. The seventh ring appeared in Pushkin thanks to Anna Kern in 1827.
The history of the duel between Pushkin and Dantes still causes a lot of controversy. For Russian culture, the death of the great poet was an unbearable loss, but the fate of the killer of Pushkin turned out very well!